January
5th 2013
2012: the Year of the Asshole?

Posted under: American history, bad language, book reviews, European history, fluff, Gender, the body

Some of you have probably heard of Geoffrey Nunberg’s Ascent of the A-word:  Assholism, the First Sixty Years (2012) because of his platform as the resident linguist for NPR’s Fresh Air.  A few weeks ago, we learned that Aaron James, a philosophy professor at the University of California, Irvine, published a book in 2012 called Assholes:  A Theory, and this article describing James’s book made me laugh out loud:

So what is an asshole, exactly? How is he (and assholes are almost always men) distinct from other types of social malefactors? Are assholes born that way, or is their boorishness culturally conditioned? What explains the spike in the asshole population?

James was at the beach when he began mulling those questions. “I was watching one of the usual miscreants surf by on a wave and thought, Gosh, he’s an asshole.” Not an intellectual breakthrough, he concedes, but his reaction had what he calls “cognitive content.” In other words, his statement was more than a mere expression of feeling. He started sketching a theory of assholes, refining his thinking at the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford, where he spent a year as a fellow in 2009.

Now here’s the part I really like as a historian.  James pushes beyond the linguist’s focus on the word to explore the history and philosophy of the asshole avant la lettre:

He consulted Rousseau (who, James notes, was something of an asshole himself on account of his shabby parenting skills), Hobbes (especially his views on the “Foole” who breaks the social contract), Kant (his notion of self-conceit in particular), and more-recent scholarship on psychopaths. He spoke with psychologists, lawyers, and anthropologists, all of whom suggested asshole reading lists. “There are a lot of similar characters studied in other disciplines, like the free rider or the amoralist or the cheater,” James says, calling his time at Stanford an “interdisciplinary education in asshole theory.”

James argues for a three-part definition of assholes that boils down to this: Assholes act out of a deep-rooted sense of entitlement, a habitual and persistent belief that they deserve special treatment. (Nunberg points out that use of the phrase “sense of entitlement” tracks the spread of “asshole”—both have spiked since the 1970s.) How to distinguish an asshole from a scumbag, a jerk, a prick, or a schmuck? Assholes are systematic. We all do assholeish things, but only an asshole feels fully justified in always acting like an asshole. As James puts it, “If one is special on one’s birthday, the asshole’s birthday comes every day.”

Add these two books to Robert I. Sutton’s The No Asshole Rule, and you’ve almost got yourself a syllabus.  Please offer your suggestions for a bibliography in critical asshole studies in the comments below, as well as your nominations for the assholes who made 2012 the year of the asshole. 

Jean-Jacques Rousseau was definitely a major asshole, as is Todd Akin, my nominee for Asshole of the Year, 2012.  Interestingly, their shared assholery is rooted in their misogyny and their cruel sense of entitlement personally to control women’s bodies and the conditions of their motherhood.  (Aiken of course insists on criminalizing abortion while implying that not all rapes are “legitimate,” while Rousseau simultaneously advocated the breastfeeding of infants while also insisting that his servant-woman/paramour give up at least five of their children to foundling hospitals!  Talk about assholes!)

Coincidentally, 2012 was the 300th anniversary of Rousseau’s birth.  How sad that his views of women haven’t been extinguished in a new and improved Age of Reason, but rather became foundational to modernity itself.

18 Comments »

18 Responses to “2012: the Year of the Asshole?”

  1. Z on 05 Jan 2013 at 11:32 pm #

    What a lovely post!

  2. Lance on 06 Jan 2013 at 4:55 am #

    It would be tough – very tough – to beat out Akin for this prestigious award. Really, the guy has worked hard to earn it. So I’d like to nominate Joe Walsh for honorable mention? The Congressman from Illinois? The alimony scamp/frothy-mouthed yeller/demeanor of Duckworth’s patriotism? A simple google search will illuminate his longer, rich record of asshattery.

  3. Perpetua on 06 Jan 2013 at 6:26 am #

    My heart, and my vote, as always, are with Rick Santorum.

  4. truffula on 06 Jan 2013 at 9:55 am #

    Oh, excellent to see Kant make the list. For 2012 and assuming you want national or international figures, I’m going with Mitt Romney and–perhaps more controversially–Julian Assange.

  5. Comradde PhysioProffe on 06 Jan 2013 at 10:39 am #

    I would favor Romney over Akin in light of the sheer breadth and scale of the former’s assholishness. Isn’t treating the entire population of the United States as if they were his servants definitive?

  6. polarbearfan on 06 Jan 2013 at 12:07 pm #

    Reminds me of the protagonist of James Hynes’s _The Lecturer’s Tale_ who ends up developing a whole course on “Asshole Lit”.

  7. Historiann on 06 Jan 2013 at 12:27 pm #

    All fantastic additions to the asshole list, esp. Assange and Walsh. I can’t believe I forgot about that last one in particular, but the assholery surrounding women’s bodies and maternity or non-maternity this year really had to be called out for this award.

  8. Historiann on 06 Jan 2013 at 12:33 pm #

    n.b. on Romney: I don’t think he’s an asshole. Among people he is comfortable with, he is a thoroughly decent person and can be very charming. That said, the 47% comment was assholish, but in the end I think he’s more of a schmuck. (YMMV).

  9. Lance on 06 Jan 2013 at 12:37 pm #

    This is fun. Also, upon reflection, I think DSK should (maybe) repeat again. I’m thinking global assholes here.

  10. truffula on 06 Jan 2013 at 12:57 pm #

    All I had to do was read about how private “equity” firms like Bain Capital work to decide Romney is a premier asshole. The whole of his life seems to be defined by the idea that if he is doing it, it cannot be wrong.

  11. Susan on 06 Jan 2013 at 8:17 pm #

    This is definitely challenging. You could just indicate the whole Republican assault on women’s bodies — it’s really hard to choose. I think I need to nominate Rush Limbaugh for his attack on Sandra Fluke.

    The book reminds me of the lovely little book by Harry Frankfurt _On Bullshit_.

  12. LouMac on 07 Jan 2013 at 8:01 am #

    And to complete his asshole credentials, Rousseau penned a multi-volume treatise on how to educate boys. Those who talk the most about What Children Need (mothers at home! all the time!) would not, themselves, know one end of a child from the other. That hasn’t changed either.

  13. LouMac on 07 Jan 2013 at 8:04 am #

    I also nominate all of those toxic talk show hosts, especially Buchanan and Beck. They’re not just wrong, they’re assholically wrong.

  14. LouMac on 07 Jan 2013 at 8:10 am #

    Sorry, I had to come back in the interests of gender parity, to nominate Ann Coulter and Camille Paglia.

  15. Historiann on 07 Jan 2013 at 10:17 am #

    All worthy entries.

    Someone I can’t believe I overlooked: Wayne LaPierre. He’s the face I see each time I read that line that “If one is special on one’s birthday, the asshole’s birthday comes every day.”

  16. Matt_L on 07 Jan 2013 at 10:58 am #

    Wow! What a great post! I am inspired… I think I could easily transform my Western Civilization 1789 to the Present. How about, _A History of European Assholes and Assholery, 1789 to the present_ ?

  17. Historiann on 07 Jan 2013 at 11:06 am #

    There are a lot of post-1789 European assholes, aren’t there? And just think about how energized your students will be by your interpretive angle. They might even do the assigned reading in a class on assholes!

  18. TSS on 09 Jan 2013 at 1:16 pm #

    To add to the syllabus: The late, great Molly Ivins’s essay on Camille Paglia, in which Ivins argues that “asshole” ought to be used in a more gender-neutral way so that one can say of Paglia, “Sheesh, what an asshole.”

    TSS